Road to Total Freedom
very well made English documentary on Scientology
which features an interview with Russle
Miller, author of Bare-Faced
Messiah, and also an animated rendition
of the story of OTIII.
of video is in italics. VO=VOICEOVER
of Church of Scientology, Los Angeles; apparently
group of ex-members
The Church of Scientology, one of the largest
and richest new religious movements, is being
sued for a billion dollars by former members for
fraud and breach of trust. They regard Scientology
as a dangerous cult.
Yet the church goes on expanding, making converts
and claiming it is "The Road to Total Freedom".
opening credits; while music is playing there
are shots of a Scientology cruise ship; woman
Scientologist with video camera; Sea Org member;
E-meter; Scientologists on a march; "Dianetics"
hot air balloon; footage of L. Ron Hubbard; title"Scientology:
THE ROAD TO TOTAL FREEDOM?
St. Hill Manor; students in classroom; auditing
St. Hill Manor in West Sussex, the British headquarters
of the worldwide Church of Scientology, where
parishioners study the works of L. Ron Hubbard
and under a form of psychotherapy called auditing.
Scientologists everywhere claim benefits from
the techniques Hubbard called "Dianetics"
and point to their success in curing drug addiction.
Los Angeles church
The churchs headquarters are in Los Angeles,
where its leadership proclaims its message.
Hoden--caption, "Rev. Ken Hoden, Church of
HODEN: Scientology is a tool that people can use
in their lives to achieve their dreams and their
goals. It can help people find work when they
cant seem to find any. It can help people
eliminate stress in their life. It can help people
become more self-confident, and with these tools,
people can achieve their dreams. And you know
something? Six million people around the world,
that consider Dianetics and Scientology to be
their religion, have found that it has helped
them do that.
and Mary Clarke walking
In Britain, Harold and Mary Clarke see it differently.
They feel they have lost their 24-year-old daughter
Ruth to Scientology. Since joining the church,
their daughter has broken with her family and
become a stranger.
of Ruth Clarke
CLARKE (voice of): My daughter has changed so
completely as a result of being in Scientology
that we now no longer know the person she has
become. Whereas she was a happy, loving, sparkling
girl who it was a joy to have about the house,
CLARKE (on camera): She has now become a cold
automaton who cant think outside the mental
strait jacket that shes in because of Scientology.
CLARKE: I dont believe--I dont believe
how evil Scientology can be.
London org; inside Scientology org
Ruth Clarke worked here with other young people
at Scientologys London shop, one of 20 Dianetics
centers in Britain. Like other religious movements
such as the Moonies, Scientology has been accused
of wildly exaggerating its membership, using mind
control techniques to extort high fees, and breaking
up families. But these movements nearly always
operate within the law.
router on street; window of org with "Dianetics"
books on display; bust of L. Ron Hubbard
Last year, her family actually kidnapped Ruth
Clarke and took her back home, but couldnt
alter her beliefs. Ruth escaped from Norfolk and
returned to the Scientologists and the teachings
of Lafayette Ron Hubbard.
Vosper walking down street
Cyril Vosper describes himself as a deprogrammer.
Families with grown-up children in the new religions
ask him to try to change their minds.
Vosper ringing a doorbell
When Mr. and Mrs. Clarke kidnapped their daughter
Ruth, Vosper was sent for. He failed then but
with many others has succeeded. An ex-Scientologist
himself, he brings his understanding of their
methods to his deprogramming sessions.
Vosper sitting across from a young woman
VOSPER: How much money have you spent altogether
How long did it take them to get the £2,000
out of you?
About three days.
Now thats good going, isnt it? And
what was your rate--
takes a drag off a cigarette
Scientology has been vindictive towards ex-members,
hence this girls request for anonymity.
Vosper has witnessed a proliferation of what he
sees as religious cults; but in his view, the
most dangerous of them is Scientology.
I think its probably the worst because its
the biggest and its got more money. Its
been around longer than the other ones have and
therefore its got its act together better.
And I think it basically should be stopped, but
it wont be stopped in the United Kingdom.
Weve got them in here and the authorities
here dont appear to give a damn.
Jentzsch and Ken Hoden sitting in an office
In Los Angeles, the leaders of Scientology dismiss
Cyril Vospers critical views by attacking
Heber Jentzsch, President, Church of Scientology
JENTZSCH: (laughs) Oh, Mr. Vosper is a man who
left his wife, left his children, refused to support
them, left many debts. The church took up the
wifes cause, took up the children, and so
forth. Mr. Vosper is also a known kidnapper of
individuals, which he chooses to call it deprogrammingI
think the word is a more a question of kidnapping
HODEN: Were talking about adults.
Ken Hoden, Church of Scientology"
People like myself, Rev. Jentzsch, people like
John Travolta, Chick Corea, Karen Black, Nicky
Hopkins, the six million Scientologists across
the world that have found in Dianetics a solution
to their problems. Were talking about adults.
This is not Nazi Germany. And what happened there
should have taught us a lesson, and that is that
man has a right to believe what they choose, and
the six million Jews that were killed should have
been enough of a lesson that we should have learned
that by this time man should at least have the
conscience to allow other people to believe what
they chooseadults, and thats what
were talking about is adults, and were
talking about a terrorism that was perpetrated
by Mr. Vosper that is unconsciousable [sic].
driving by; Dianetics billboard
Scientology today is a multi-million dollar business.
Dianetics are psychological techniques invented
by its founder.
lettering on top of the Los Angeles church; Scientology/Dianetics
billboard; Dianetics center
They promise enhanced intelligence and better
health, and thus Scientology became a huge commercial
success in America, where people yearn to improve
themselves. But the initiation process is unusual.
Becoming a Scientologist entails undergoing a
series of training drills designed to instill
confidence and obedience.
of Tone 40 Training Routine
OF MAN: Acknowledge as loudly as you can.
OF MAN: Command as loudly as you can.
Sit down on that chair!
of ashtray on a chair
OF MAN: Very good. Acknowledge as loudly as you
of both the man and the woman, man holding sheet
Good. Command as loudly as you can.
Sit down on that chair!
These ex-Scientologists are demonstrating a drill
of shouting orders at an inanimate object to develop
what they call intention. The mark of a good Scientologist,
wrote L. Ron Hubbard, is a fixed, dedicated glare.
and man doing TR0 Bullbait
That look must be maintained even through the
drill they call "bullbaiting", having
to listen to a barrage of insults. If the subject
reacts in any way, she flunks, or fails.
You make me so mad, Im not gonna drink my
Laughing, flunk. Relax, start.
hanging on doorknob, "IN SESSION"
VOICE: Well then I fell down.
session--man holding ends of E-meter
In this drill, the wired-up tin cans detect the
electric charge in the subjects hands.
And there I was screaming and crying, and my lawyer
came out of the house.
A so-called auditor can discover those topics
that excite or upset the subject from the needle
on a galvanometer that Scientologists call the
writing notes; man being audited; E-meter
By pursuing those topics, the auditor can make
the subject talk about suppressed fears or worries.
That produces a feeling of gratitude and euphoria.
Session will follow session and dependency is
created. It is perfectly genuine if crude form
of psychotherapy. Scientologists even talk through
experiences they believe they had in past lives
as they approach the condition known as "Clear".
(talking on camera): My abilities to handle life
are better. I am not subject any more to bad feelings
of the past, see? Auditing getshas useful
to get rid of that bad feelings of the past and
be able to, to feel in present time and confront
the future and lead a better life, and thats
what I get out of it.
through window of woman--camera pulls away to
show woman and man
But auditing is largely administered by people
unqualified outside Scientology, and there is
deep antagonism between Scientologists and professional
Louis Jolyon West in his office; e-meter
Dr. Louis Jolyon West is one who is deeply skeptical
about auditings value.
What promise does a session with an e-meter do?
LOUIS JOLYON WEST: Well, the e-meter doesnt
do anything. If you buy one, you can be sure youve
paid too much for it.
Louis Jolyon West, Director, Neuropsychiatric
The e-meter is a gadget used by the purveyors
of hocus-pocus to make what they do and say seem
respectable because heres a piece of machinery
plugged into the wall.
Doesnt the needle genuinely represent a
moments emotional charge, say, in the subject?
(voice of): The needle moves back and forth if
the electrical changes in the skin take place,
and all sorts of things can cause them to fluctuate,
like a hunger pang or a need to go to the bathroom
or an intrusive thought about some place else
youd rather be.
(on camera): Or a bit of bad breath on the part
of the auditor whos bending over you or
a twinge of guilt on account of what youve
just said. If you cant sort that out, then,
um, whether or not you have an e-meter I would
say makes no difference at all.
Scientology was accused of practicing psychiatry
without a license. In 1954, it became a church
and adopted the costumes and titles of Christian
Freedman--caption, "Franklin Freedman, ex-Scientologist"
FREEDMAN: It was a real farce, if you will. I
was in there, I had to become ordained. I mean,
I was Rev. Franklin Freedman, but, I mean, I never
used it in any religious manner.
in clerical garb
(voice of): In the church, its a big joke;
I mean, they joke about it all the time how they
fool the public thinking that were a religion,
etc., etc. That was LRHs idea, you bet.
(on camera): The purpose was to give the public
the image that this was a church, and the Scientology
organization is the farthest thing from a church
Ive ever seen.
of L. Ron Hubbard
But its called itself a church since the
1950s, and its founded is treated with a religious
devotion. Most new religious movements have a
guru, an author of their sacred text, and Hubbard
is Scientologys. The church stands by all
the claims he made about himself.
of L. Ron Hubbard
He was a science fiction writer who reportedly
quoted George Orwell in saying that if a man wants
to make a million, he should start his own religion.
Where his past is undistinguished, Hubbard invented
a more impressive life story, making himself a
nuclear physicist and decorated war hero. Though
Dianetics is supposed to make one healthy, he
concealed his many illnesses.
of Apollo--caption, "World
in Action", Granada TV, 1968
In the late 60s, Hubbard took to the high
seas in an old channel ferry called the Apollo.
RON HUBBARD: I dont think they could make
anything out of my life, [?????] (laughs).
Scientology was becoming increasing unpopular
with several governments.
of Sea Org members on the Apollo
On the Apollo Hubbard created Scientologys
elite, the Sea Organization or Org, complete with
naval ranks and uniforms. Its members sign contracts
lasting a billion years, and military discipline
prevailed, with harsh punishments for those who
offended against the founders rules, or
of L. Ron Hubbards "messengers"
Hubbard called him "the Commodore" and
was waited upon by a hand-picked team of teenage
girls known as the "Commodores messengers".
Dede Reisdorf became their commanding officer.
of Dede Reisdorf and other Commodore messengers
REISDORF (voice of): I was actually born into
Scientology. When I was 13 we joined the Sea Org.
The whole idea of being in the Sea Org was that
you were the ones who were here to make the world
a safe place. The Sea Org was special
REISDORF (on camera): As for what we called the
The "wog world".
What does that mean?
Reisdorf, Former Commodores Messenger"
Anything and anybody who wasnt involved
with Scientology was the wog world, what now I
like to call "the real world" (laughs).
But at that point, that was what we, you know,
we considered people out there as the wog world.
of Hana Whitfield
Another girl sailor was Hana Whitfield. She was
able to observe Hubbards character in close
Whitfield, Former Sea Org Officer
WHITFIELD: There were two distinct sides to him.
One was an incredibly compassionate side; he was
a very understanding, rather humanitarian man
at times. The other side was what I would call
bordering onits not a popular wordbut
bordering on insane or psychotic. He would go
into mad, screaming rages, that,--
of Hubbard aboard Apollo
WHITFIELD (voice of): Where he would be bellowing
at the top of his lungs, sometimes for minutes,
sometimes for hours, on and off.
WHITFIELD (on camera): Id actually seen
from "The Shrinking
World of L. Ron Hubbard", Granada TV,
Do you ever think that you might be quite mad?
Ron Hubbard, 1968"
Oh yes! The one man in the world who never believes
he's mad is the mad man. (smiles)
driving down road--caption--"Re-enactment"
(man looking in the rear view mirror; woman passenger,
holding book that resembles a Bible)
Hubbard spent most of the last 10 years in hiding
in America. Only a few close aides knew where
MISCAVIGE (voice of?): At 2000 hours, Friday the
24th of January, 1986, L. Ron Hubbard discarded
the body he had used in his lifetime for 74 years,
10 months and 11 days. The body he had used to
facilitate his existence in this universe had
ceased to be useful and in fact had become an
impediment to the work he now must do outside
its confines. The being we knew as L. Ron Hubbard
still exists. Although you may feel grief, understand
that he did not and does not now. He has simply
moved on to his next step.
re-enactment--screen filled with blurring streaky
images; man and woman and another man apparently
on a boat; second man is holding what looks like
(voice of?): LRH in fact used this lifetime in
the body we knew to accomplish what no man has
ever accomplished. He unlocked the mysteries of
life and gave us the tools so that we could free
ourselves and our fellow man
re-enactment--shot of boat; "minister"
reading from book; man and woman listening
Those were the words of the churchs official
announcement of Hubbards death last year.
When alive, Hubbard claimed he had visited Heaven
twice, and the second time found it shabby. His
Scientology funeral service was one he had written.
And now here lift up your eyes and say to him,
MEN AND WOMAN (saying at the same time): Goodbye,
goodbye, our dear Ron, goodbye.
Well miss you, leader.
re-enactment--second man emptying "ashes"
from urn into the ocean; more blurry shots apparently
of the ocean water
Hubbard had signed a new will the day before he
died insisting that he be cremated at once and
the ashes scattered at sea. The fate of his vast
but secret fortune was also murky, but power had
passed to the young followers who were with him
at the end.
MISCAVIGE (voice of): Id like all of you
now to join us in singing "Happy Birthday"
One of those heirs was the master of ceremonies
here, David Miscavige.
Miscavige on stage at LRH birthday ceremony, joined
by John Travolta
Led by Mr. John Travolta.
cheering; shot of people on stage, with big birthday
And though Hubbard is dead, this was his memorial
birthday celebration last month, an opportunity
for the church to parade its star members and
salute the late founder.
and others on stage leading a chorus of "Happy
Birthday"; everyone applauding and balloons
dropping from the ceiling
Scientology presents a confident image as it marches
forward to "clear" the planet, as it
says, and offer the only "road to total freedom".
of Scientology cross on top of church; woman Scieno
with video camera filming "Panorama"
camera operator; shot of L.A. Scientology church
But the church can also be secretive and defensive.
You are yourself photographed if you photograph
its buildings. Investigations by various government
agencies have over the years created something
of a siege mentality.
outside Scientology church; another man standing
nearby with video camera; sign "Hubbard Dianetics
In the late 70s, 11 top Scientologists were
imprisoned for burglary, robbing American government
offices of files. In one of his bulletins, Hubbard
instructed church members, "Dont ever
Scieno with camera taking pictures of "Panorama"
camera operator; another Scieno with jacket over
his head videotaping
Since Scientologists consider themselves the exclusive
possessors of the secrets of the universe, anyone
outside the church tends to be deemed hostile,
or, as they say, "suppressive"; and
we were no exception.
Celebrity Centre in Los Angeles with ex-Scientologist
TV CREW MEMBER (voice of): Why do think this guy
is taking our picture?
man waving, then taking picture
NOTARO: Because, they, theyre gonna use
it against us later on, supposedly--
TV CREW MEMBER: Why is he taking photographs of
us? Hes been taking all the pictures--
man continuing to take pictures
Ron Hubbard says if you take their picture or
something you can use it against them or maybe
people are intimidated by the picture taking,
you know. They were taking my pictures all the
Scieno with video camera filming "Panorama"
camera operator; two other women Scienos
Scientology reserves a special distrust for the
media; members may not give interviews without
the churchs permission.
mounted on top of wall of Church building; Heber
Jentzch sitting at table leafing through book,
surrounded by other Scienos; video cameras set
up by Scienos
Despite our long standing invitation, our interview
with the churchs was granted only when they
were convinced that this program would be broadcast
without their participation. When we taped that
interview, the church had their own cameras rigged
to video us.
MALE VOICE: Were fundamental--
in ministerial garb; Scieno video cameras filming
Scientologists dressed in the style of Christian
ministers witnessed the proceedings. American
judge Paul Breckinridge said in a recent judgment,
"The organization clearly is schizophrenic
and paranoid, and this bizarre combination seems
to be a reflection of its founder, LRH".
Heber Jentzsch, President, Church of Scientology
Judge Breckinridge is not the first one to say
that. A man by the name of Paul Dickhoff disseminated
it first, SS number 337259, an SS officer in the
Nazi Intelligence systems, who was the head of
the Bundeskriminaloff [??], the German federal
police in 1970, and the head of Interpol, as a
matter of fact. (raising his voice) I do not support
a Nazis supposed right to disseminate that
kind of thing
But Mr. Jentzsch,--
Youve identified your enemies as the CIA,
the IRS, the FBI, NY6, MI5, just about every government--
No-no-no, Im on the IRS enemies list--
Paranoid is a mild expression for the churchs
attitude to its supposed enemies.
You know, our enemies are ignorance, drugs, corruption,
criminality and insanity.
of lake or ocean with boat going across it; Don
Larson playing the cello
But those the church seems to regard as its worst
enemies are its most recent defectors, especially
those with damaging stories to tell. Near the
Canadian border lives Don Larson, who ran the
churchs so-called "Finance Police".
LARSON (voice of): I was the hatchet man for this
financial dictator. If you could force someone
to be scared enough of the church, they would
cough up the money that you wanted. It was my
job to scare people.
Larson, Former Scientology Finance Police"
What methods do you use?
(on camera): Um, extortion, um, force, threats,
playing the cello
Larson was there when David Miscavige and the
new regime took over.
(voice of): The old management was discharged,
the new management was put in its place. And its
motto was, "We make no deals with anybody.
Were tough, were ruthless, no deals".
(on camera): It was about 15 of us. We went out
and rented three limos, drove up to an organization
in San Francisco and did a practice (snaps fingers)
beat-em-up kind of meeting, you know. We
took the CDB Orgthe commanding officer of
that org, organization. He got thrown into the
filing cabinets, he was sec-checked on the meter
and, um, youthats where you, what,
you have to tell the truth. And theres a
whole row of people around the guy, right? And
hes sitting there hanging onto the cans
andthis is nothing to do with religion any
more, right? This is, "Wheres the money,
Jack? I want the money! Where did you put the
money?" And he said, "I, youI
dont know! I dont have the money."
David Miscavige comes up, grabs him by the tie
(makes punching motion with his right arm) and
starts bashing him into the filing cabinet. And
hes thrown out in the street; his tie is
ripped off. Um, this is just a warm-up kind of
outside Scientology church--"Scientology
Open House"; boat going under bridge
Some of those who left the church sued for restitution
of the fees they had paid. Whenever there were
court hearings, the church mounted spectacular
protest demonstrations. This one was in Sacramento.
cruise ship with banner "THE SUN NEVER SETS
ON SCIENTOLOGY", members waving; Scienos
marching down street at rally
Scientology maintains that an ex-member suing
the church for fraud is an attack on religious
freedom. And even some Christian churches spoke
out in its support. The big names were there,
Its worked for me for 10 years and its
worked for thousands, millions of people. And,
and I just feel that, that nothing can and should
vigil with shot of a big picture of L. Ron Hubbard
But courts found against the church. Last year
one ex-Scientologist was awarded $30 million damages.
The church is appealing.
This party in Los Angeles is to launch a billion-dollar
class act, that is, a collective lawsuit, against
the Church of Scientology. The plaintiffs
attorney is Lawrence Levy.
LEVY: --before we found out what any other religion
women ex-members talking; more partygoers
There were 400 ex-Scientologists, some living
in Britain, that combined to sue the church for
restitution of their fees and to stop what they
allege is church harassment. The lawsuit has a
long way to go through the courts and may indeed
fail. But it is an expression of these embittered
ex-members anger and resentment. The lawyer
theyve retained, Lawrence Levy, has won
similar cases against other religions.
(giving speech): --been displayed by the church,
more lies, more subterfuge, more machinations.
They do everything except address the truth. What
is the truth? If you joined Scientology right
up until yesterday, youve been defrauded.
Greenberg walking outside her home
Mrs. Thea Greenberg is what Scientologists call
a "squirrel". She uses some of Hubbards
techniques for personal gain. So some Scientologists
came to one of her meetings.
GREENBERG: All of a sudden they came up with their
finger up with me in the middle and my--one of
my friends stayed here, and they said, "You
homosexualfaggot!". And some concentrated
on him, and the other, "You old woman psycho!".
After they had left the first time insulting us--
splattered against a wall
(voice of): I hear all of a sudden while they
were talking to us, "clack, clack, clack".
What is that? And when they had left, we lookedthe
eggs were all over, and my house was covered with
eggs, the windows. And so they must have had about
30, 40 eggs to throw at the house.
(on camera): And a few months later I had a visitor
here staying in this room, and he comes up in
my bedroom in the middle of the night and says,
"For Gods sake, come down immediately!
There are thousands of maggots here!"
of a bunch of maggots
(voice of): And they were thrown at this door--
(on camera, opening front door of her house):
And they were all thrown against the door and
shot of the maggots
(voice of): Thousands of them! Oohh! Disgusting!
of HCOPL--highlighted text: "They are--fair
game. They may be deprived of property, injured
by any means, tricked, sued, lied to or destroyed."
In 1967, Hubbard wrote his notorious order about
church enemies. If you stayed within the law,
they are, he said, "fair game. They may be
deprived of property, injured by any means, tricked,
sued, lied to or destroyed."
with title, "1000 DOLLAR REWARD--WANTED:
Last year this official looking "Wanted"
poster was widely distributed in Los Angeles giving
the names and home addresses of ex-members who
had angered the church.
DUBRON: The posters existed in a context and that
context was years of harassmentdirty tricks,
frame-ups of peopleand we felt that we were
now on the Enemies List, we were now Fair
Game. And if they were willing to do this publicly
totally disgusting and outrageous activity, what
were they doing to us that we didnt know
about? And we, we went on a very long period of
just extreme fear.
talking in background--figurine of judge with
message on bottom saying "SUE THE BASTARDS"
Litigation is no novelty for the Scientologists,
who make habitual use of the courts.
Levy and another man in his office
But the church says Lawrence Levy is a church-busting
mercenary for representing its ex-members in the
Levy, Class Action Lawyer"
Im not a church-busting mercenary. I think
if anything, Im a religionist. I believe
that any individual has the absolute right to
believe whatever they want. What I take issue
with is people who would utilize religion as a
money making venture. In matters of religion,
Im not interested in their beliefs; Im
interested in their conduct.
Whitfield, Former Sea Org Officer"
WHITFIELD: It has defrauded its members. It has
lied to them. Um, lies have been passed on by
Hubbard about his background and the church has
condoned those and passed those on. Um, the church
has broken up families, forced parents apart,
forced children and parents apart. It has also
broken the priest-penitent confidentiality practice
Do you feel you yourself were deceived by this
church which you served for so long?
WHITFIELD: Oh, definitely. On several accounts.
of Scientology church; signs in Scientology church
windows and outside door: "Are you curious
about yourself?", "Your IQ, personality
and aptitude determine your future. Know them.";
shot of a stack of books inside Scientology church
Every Scientologist is required to recruit new
members. "Find their ruin," was Hubbards
advice; in other words, detect a personal problem
that might be alleviated by a course of auditing.
But sometimes recruitment is more indirect.
of Scientology groups scrolling down screen: "All
Party Freedom of Information Committee; Author
Services Incorporated; Bridge Publications; Campaign
Against Psychiatric Atrocities; Citizens Committee
on Human Rights; Concerned Businessmens
Association of the U.K.; Criminon; Dianetics Information
Centre; Dignity for the Aged; Dr. Pillpusher Campaign;
Effective Education Association; Foundation of
Advanced Abilities; Institute of Applied Philosophy;
International Biographical Centre; Narconon; New
Era Publications; Rehab; Religious Research Foundation;
Religious Technology Center; Saint Hill Foundation;
Set a Good Example Campaign; Society for Safety
in Mental Healing; Task Force on Mental Retardation;
UK National Conference of Social Betterment and
Reform; UK Police Reform Group; Way to Happiness
Everywhere Scientology reaches the public through
its front organizations, some of them misleadingly
named. Some are pressure groups campaigning on
issues like mental health, which seems to obsess
Scientologists. Others are controversial campaigns
aimed at school children. And Scientology has
others to help the unfortunate like ex-offenders
and particularly drug users.
WHITFIELD (voice of): Narconon is a drug rehabilitation
center. Its a front group for Scientology
and it is designed to get people off drugs, which
it does successfully; but then it converts people
from that into Scientology.
Whitfield, Former Narconon Staff Member
WHITFIELD (on camera): Theyre taken off
drugs; theyre put into a program to help
them do better in life with programs that is basically
Scientology processing or training. And from there
they are indoctrinated and from there theyre
converted to a Scientologist.
How many of those former drug addicts become Scientologists?
WHITFIELD: Anywhere from 50-75%.
AUDITOR: Can you recall an incident which occurred
when your mother looked younger?
PRECLEAR: Yeah, when she --
and preclear; closeup of L. Ron Hubbard book,
e-meter; auditor taking notes; a bunch of PC folders
on a shelf
One of the main grievances of the plaintiffs in
the class action relates to auditing. The most
intimate confessions are sometimes divulged in
these sessions, and the auditor notes them down.
This information is then kept in processing files
known as "preclear" or PC folders, which
are carefully stored. The use that has been made
of the contents of these folders is now a matter
is Scientology?" (older version of book);
highlighted quotes, "The auditor treats all
session reports as confidential."; "I
promise never to use the secrets of a preclear
divulged in session for punishment or personal
Hubbard wrote in "What is Scientology?",
"The auditor treats all session reports as
confidential." Item #22 of the Auditors
Code reads, "I promise never to use the secrets
of a preclear divulged in session for punishment
or personal gain."
What is the policy of the church on the use of
information imparted during auditing sessions?
It is to be kept completely confidential and sequestered.
Is that policy rigorously observed?
Yes it is.
Has it been?
Has it been rigorously observed? Absolutely.
Order; highlighted quote, "To make full use
of all files on the organization to affect your
major target--These include--processing files."
But in the recent past, it was policy to cull
peoples files for damaging information.
Hubbards wife Mary Sue, who was later imprisoned,
wrote a Guardian Order in 1969, "To make
full use of all files on the organization to affect
your major target. These include processing files.
You were in the Intelligence Division of the Guardians
Office of the Church of Scientology. Did you have
access to peoples personal confidential
MAYER: Oh, certainly, certainly.
And was use ever made of that information?
Every mission that I ever went on, I used it.
What did you do?
Mayer, former Scientology Intelligence Agent"
Well, when wed first come into an organization
we would have the preclear folders of people that
were involved in the organization that had maybe
given the organization some trouble; pulled and
culled for things that they may have done and
were hiding, and that information would be brought
to their attention in order to kind of bring them
back into the fold, so to speak smiling.
Did you use confidential information that the
church held about people?
Um, yes. For example, that was used to get the
extortion money a lot of times
Are you categorically denying that private information
culled from PC folders has ever been disseminated
to intimidate or blackmail ex-members of the Church
Absolutely, because that can be verified in every
court of law in the world, and its just
as simple as that. So there will be allegations
that people want a billion dollars; I understand
that they want a billion dollars, but theyll
have to come up with some kind of documentation.
There is none. There is none, nada as they say
in Spanish, niente as they say in Italian. There
with names blacked out
But one of the class action plaintiffs has some
widely circulated internal church documents that
he says were seized by the FBI and authenticated
Stansfield--caption, "Valerie Stansfield,
STANSFIELD: Here you have a file on a woman. The
following data was gotten from this womans
folders: She had several self-induced abortions,
she saw a psychiatrist for alcolismalcoholism
problems, she had a drug history of Librium, Valium,
Miltown, alcohol, LSD, opium, heroin, and many
other things. Her son was jailed. And in another
case here, a womanit says here, um, her
folders start in 1963. She masturbated regularly
since she was 8 years old, she mentioned doing
it once with coffee grounds and once had a puppy
lick her. When she lived in Greenwich Village,
she claimed she screwed anything with pants.
Now this information was supplied in confidence
in auditing sessions.
You can believe it.
The church would say it has wound up the Guardians
Office, it has changed a lot of the practices
that went on in previous years, it has now cleaned
up its act. Is the Church of Scientology today
a different organization from the one you left?
(smiles) Its worse. I know this because
people come to me continuously and bring me the
stories of the horror that theyre going
through. In present time, up to even a few weeks
ago. The church has a history of, every time theyre
called to account, they say, "Oh, that was
in the past; weve dismissed those people;
we dont do that any more." It can be
called a catechism of the church, "We dont
do that any more." They do it. And more.
And theyll do as much as they can get away
complex swimming pool; Ludis Birss walking by
the swimming pool and out through the gate
In California, Ludis Birss is another former Scientologist
whose troubles began when he left the church last
Birss walking; Ludis Birss on the balcony
BIRSS (voice of): Several months after I got out,
they started sending people around to get me to
sign a confession, two or three of them at a time;
one of them was a big guy about 6 foot 6, and,
uh, I dunno, it just, it just freaked me out.
Birss on camera
After you refused to sign a confession, what was
the next stage?
I got a phone call from a private investigator
who worked for John Peterson, a Scientology attorney.
And, uh, he said if I didnt come and meet
with him to sign this confession, that, uh, he
would go to the immigration authorities and, uh,
get me kicked out ofout of the country over
some, uh, discrepancies, as he called them, in
my immigration status.
So they have some fairly private information about
Oh, yeah, yeah.
Where do you think they got it from?
Well, this was some private investigator, just
some voice on the phone. He got it from, from
my confessional folders which I had told to my
Scientology so-called "minister" about
15 years before that. Thats the only person
I ever told about that.
quotes: "Item A: MAKE MONEY; Item J: MAKE
MONEY; Item K: MAKE MORE MONEY; Item L: MAKE OTHER
PEOPLE PRODUCE SO AS TO MAKE MONEY
This 1972 directive of the FBI seized is a frank
statement of one of Hubbards aims. Item
A: "Make money." Down the list, item
J also reads, "Make money." Item K:
Make more money." And item L: "Make
other people produce so as to make money."
of palm trees and scenery in Clearwater, Florida
The place where Scientology offers its higher
level courses, and therefore takes the most money,
is here in Clearwater, Florida.
on door, "Church of Scientology"; Flag
buildings; Sea Org members
This headquarters they call Flag, where Scientologists
from all over the world come to buy the so-called
"upper levels". The converted hotel
is where Hubbards elite Sea Org came ashore.
The functionaries are as likely to be dressed
as naval officers as priests. Scientologists usually
join the staff if they cannot afford the fees
to take the courses for free. But despite their
snappy uniforms, most are paid very meager wages.
Here the staff administers the esoteric programs
of auditing that Hubbard went on writing right
up to his death. It is a highly profitable activity.
Bridge to Total Freedom"
Scientologists have to go up "the Bridge",
that is, take a series of courses, each more expensive
than the last. The mid point is called "clear".
After that, you progress to the upper levels that
can cost up to £600/hour.
How do you think Hubbard succeeded in getting
so many thousands of people to take his courses
and to go on taking extra courses and spending
more and more money?
smiles The first ones free, the second one
costs you. Like a seco--an extended sting operation.
At first you get lots more than you ever thought
you were going to get--real changes take place
in your life. But as you go up the so-called "bridge",
you no longer get the benefits and then youre
told its because of things that youve
done in your past, the wrongs that youve
committed against mankind. Of course, you have
to sign up for more auditing to find those things
and handle them.
letters OT floating in black background; then
"Operating Thetan" is spelled out; then
the words "OT I", "OT II"
and "OT III" floating in background;
book cover, "OT III--CONFIDENTIAL"
The upper level courses are called "OT",
which stands for "Operating Thetan",
Hubbards word for the spirit. The OT levels
are supposedly so powerful that you can die of
pneumonia if you are exposed to them unprepared.
It costs around £5,000 to take OT III, which
contains Hubbards cosmology.
hand opens up the "OT III" book
to page saying "OT III--L. Ron Hubbard"
The church is trying to keep this material secret,
but former senior Scientologists in America have
leaked it, and versions have been published. This
is an outline of the story:
shot of Earth and other planets
75 million years ago, this planet was called Teegeeack.
There were 90 planets in this sector called the
This is part of the text of a Hubbard lecture:
of a bearded man in a futuristic uniform
OF L. RON HUBBARD: They had elected a fellow by
the name of Xenu to the supreme ruler and they
were about to un-elect him. And he took the last
moments he had in office to really goof the floof.
of the cartoon of the bearded man
Xenu decided to take radical measures to overcome
the population problem.
flying back to Earth
Beings were captured on other planets and flown
to locations near 10 volcanoes or more on Earth.
bomb exploding inside it
H-bombs were dropped on the volcanoes, destroying
the bodies of the beings who, as thetans, attached
themselves to one another as clusters.
characters holding guns; blue kite flying to a
A revolt followed of the Loyal Officers against
Xenu. Xenu was locked up in an electronic mountain
fortress and remains there still.
meadow--two people popping up out of nowhere;
smiley faces (body thetans) floating through the
air and turning into more people
Since that time, beings born on this planet have
had clusters of thetans attached to their bodies.
OT III can run out these clusters and cause them
to leave us and reincarnate as individuals.
with the letters "O" with the letter
"T" inside them floating around him,
which then disappear; man holds up his hands
After hours of expensive auditing, you are rid
of the body thetans attached to you.
telepathically lifting up teacup, floating out
of his body, then with the "OT III"
You may then acquire psychic powers, move objects
at a distance, and have out-of-body experiences.
If you find you cant, then you must take
the course again for another £5,000.
of Frank Notaro with picket sign saying "Ron
Hubbard is Xenu--OT 3 Hoax"; Notaro getting
beaten up by Scieno thugs
Ex-Scientologist Frank Notaro used the name Xenu
in a demonstration outside a church building and
got beaten up.
Notaro outside Celebrity Centre in Los Angeles--caption,
"Frank Notaro, Ex-Scientologist"
Why is it so secret?
NOTARO: Because Ron says if people find out about
this information that they will get sick and die,
if they find out this information without paying
of T-shirt Frank Notaro is holding saying "OT
Did anybody who read your T-shirt get sick or
The only person that got sick was me because I
got beat up and stun-gunned! (laughs) So--well,
I just wanted people to find out about whats
been going on and, and what the church is really
shot of "Gold" studios at Hemet
L. Ron Hubbard and the church he founded spent
money extravagantly, buying expensive properties
on a whim. He built this folly, a landlocked clipper
ship, for the film studio he built in the California
desert. Here he directed films about Scientology.
Hubbard died at a remote but magnificent ranch
he bought further off the coast. Many ordinary
Scientologists knew nothing of all this.
They were told that this money was going to charitable
purposes to help them benefit mankind, and the
money was being used for illegal and criminal
activities, to hire people to go through their
confidential files and send people out to harass.
And they would not have paid such very high fees
if they had known the money was being used for
this. They were being lied to not so much about
the gains and promises of the techniques, which
is not an issue here, but the use the money was
being put to and the purposes of the organization.
Your Fees Buy" by L. Ron Hubbard; highlighted
text--"The fees you pay--do not go to me."
"What Your Fees Buy" was issued in the
70s. Hubbard claimed he was as badly paid
as any staff member, and categorically stated,
"The fees you pay do not go to me."
of L. Ron Hubbard directing a film; close-up of
young girl (apparently Doreen Gilham)
But a succession of Hubbards former staffers
have testified that this was untrue. For example,
one of his youthful messengers, Doreen Gilham,
used to manage his finances. She was sent to demand
$600,000 in cash.
Gilham, Former Commodores Messenger"
GILHAM: I got it from Sea Org reserves, which
is church money, and I, I red flagged on that
because Hubbard usually didnt, at that point,
like to obtain church funds directly, sobut
I justified it thinking, "Well, if its
for renovations, hes probably buying another
property for us. We had already purchased two
huge properties in four years; why not another?
But you were taking money from church funds--
For Hubbards personal use.
of globe; rotates over to Africa and the United
States; captions "Liberia", "Clearwater,
FLORIDA", "Toronto, CANADA", "Luxembourg",
In recent American court cases, former Hubbard
aides have sworn that he put money into personal
accounts through a shell company called the Religious
Research Foundation, which was registered in Liberia.
Money brought by Scientologists to the headquarters
in Clearwater, Florida was paid straight into
the RRFs account in Toronto, Canada. From
there it was transferred to secret accounts in
Luxembourg and Liechtenstein, which Hubbard dipped
into whenever he needed cash. His aides have testified
that the accounts contain more than $200 million.
What made you leave the church?
The fact that I had gone all around the world
in various organizations and I knew that monies
were being used, not for the benefit of mankind
or the parishioners of the church, but for the
benefit of Ron Hubbard and his minions.
showing various Scientology subsidiaries--Sea
Org, Church of Scientology International, Flag
Services Org, Scientology Missions International,
Sea Org Reserve Trust (??), Bridge Publications,
Religious Technology Center, Church of Spiritual
Technology, Author Services, Inc; names then vanish
except for "Author Services, Inc."
Scientology in America has a complex web of overlapping
companies, which make it difficult for the tax
authorities to find out where all the money goes.
The churchs ex-members say that in reality
there is just one corporation and, they say, the
outfit that finally controls the assets and money
of the non-profit Church of Scientology is a for-profit
company, Author Services, Inc.
shot in shadow so his face isnt visible
This senior ex-Scientologist had close knowledge
of Author Services, Inc., or ASI.
So what is the fundamental purpose of ASI?
The fundamental purpose of it is to, um, acquire
large amounts of money, gross income, as they
refer to it, for L. Ron Hubbards, um, private
Where does that money come from?
It comes from the churches and the missions of
Scientology and it comes from the public at large.
And the churches and the missions are supposedly
non-profit organizations. Is ASI a non-profit
No. ASI is specifically a profit making corporation.
And it was in fact Hubbards private fortune.
Yes, I suppose it is. Yes, thats true.
So what has happened to Hubbards fortune?
Only a small and secretive group of his followers
knows the real answer, and they arent saying.
But we do know that in the church hierarchy, they
come out on top.
of Norman Starkey, David Miscavige, Annie and
Those who appear to have the power in Scientology
today are Norman Starkey, South African and Hubbard-appointed
trustee of his estate; David Miscavige, still
in his 20s, who ran Author Services, Inc.; Annie
Broekerit was she and her third husband
Pat Broeker who looked after Hubbard in his final
of David Miscaviges picture
Of these, David Miscavige is believed to be the
most powerful figure.
Hes a macho guy, a real--he does bow and
arrow practice, he practices shooting rifles,
um, he does karate. Hes a very, very macho,
1950s--(snickers). Hes, hes a tough
guy. He will keep power till his last gasping
breath. Thats, thats David Miscavige
in a nutshell.
of L. Ron Hubbard on a wall; camera backs up to
show Heber Jentzsch in his office, working on
his computer; theres also a bust of L. Ron
Hubbard in Jentzschs office
L. Ron Hubbard spent years avoiding writ servers,
and his heirs are doing the same, usually staying
out of site. The churchs front man is Heber
Jentzsch, its international president. Jentzsch
is a former actor who had a bit part in "Paint
Your Wagon". He has the enthusiasm of a fundamentalist
preacher. Although Scientology makes millions
of dollars, it is still run by fanatical believers.
How much is this church worth, Mr. Jentzsch? You
have been quoted as giving it a value of a billion
dollars in a recent interview. Is that a correct
Is that all? Is that all?
How much is it worth?
Heber Jentzsch, President, Church of Scientology
I would say that my church is worth an inestimable
amount that would run to the trillions and trillions
Im talking about its real estate, its money--
Im talking about its spiritual assets which
are far greater than any kind of asset that I
could possibly put a monetary figure on--
of Heber Jentzschs hand on top of a book
Im sure thats the case, but what is
the monetary figure for its, for its physical
Well, I think, I think that the, the church is
worth--um, it would be put in the Fortune 500
of America as a major, major corporation. It would
fit in that category. Uh, again, its priceless!
Now the church has bought an ocean-going liner,
an echo of Hubbards maritime wanderings.
"SCIENTOLOGY" in blue-white on black
Scientology--to thousands, its the only
road to total freedom. To many with their own
experience of the church, its just a cruel
I think its a scam, I think its a
con. I think its a psychological warfare
started by Hubbard on the world that he perceived
as being peopled by nothing but his enemies.
of Scientology/Dianetics billboard
Mr. Hubbard said Scientology is the road to total
freedom. Its there; its path is mapped out,
and people can take that road or not take that
road. But its available to them.
shot of Scientology/Dianetics billboard
CLARKE: It makes me very angry to think that that
sort of thing can flourish in my country. And
it makes me unspeakably sad to the point of tears
when I see what theyve done to my daughter.
of the word "SCIENTOLOGY" scrolling
(on camera): Mr. Hubbard is a man, obviously,
who is loved, adored, I think has more friends
in the world than any man Ive ever met,
any man I know of right now living today. They
respect him, they love him
of hot air balloon with "Dianetics: L. Ron
Hubbard" on its side
(voice of): And they like his works.
courtesy of Xenubat